Our footprint is a concern and industry is working to reduce land disruption, with a focus on restoration and protecting wildlife. The study of the natural functions of peatswamps leads to an assessment of the environmental impacts caused by their reclamation. Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is composed by woods and mountains). The social impacts of the Tohoku earthquake were overwhelming. Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (2011) 19 683-692. Two artificial islands built in 1973, located south of Odaiba, called Chuo bohatei ("central breakwater"), will be … By continuing you agree to the Cookie Settings. Copyright © 2021 Mendeley Ltd. All rights reserved. This paper will examine two cases in the Lake Biwa, corresponding to both urban and rural areas in order to show two different ways in which land reclamation was developed in Lake Biwa. into account in evaluating the impacts of reclamation •Economic impact assessment (EIA) may not reflect the real costs of land reclamation •Social inequity: Loss of livelihoods, communities, fishing cultures, and traditions; Privatization of coastal space •Environmental unsustainability: Loss of ecosystem services broadly defined; Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is composed by woods and mountains). (2012) used multiplier analysis, Tokui et al. vessels operating, and the potential impacts on pelagic fisheries resources and nearshore coral reefs. The death toll reached approximately 19,000, although a large majority of these fatalities occurred due to drowning in the tsunami. They employed different approaches – Okiyama et al. Considerable local difference is evident in the settlement pattern. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.186, Mendeley Supports Responsible Sharing During Japan’s post-war economic miracle, various coastal areas across Japan undertook vast land reclamation projects to house maritime and industrial factories. Dec. 30, 2020. However, it’s highly controversial because of the impact it would have on the surrounding environment. Learn how you can share. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Impacts of land reclamation on the landscape of Lake Biwa, Japan. Land clearance and reclamation have contributed to the social and economic development in various parts of the world. Land reclamation, a comm on practice in Japan and par ticularly around Lake Biwa, generates not only physical and environm ental effects, but also social and cultural consequences. M ajor threats identified for Fiji’s coastal resources are the increasing rates of coastal activities such as land reclamation, coral extraction, and river dredging, compounded by … Japan plans further land reclamation work at Henoko site of new U.S. base in Okinawa from March. Disruption of the food chain/web Sediments in the water do not allow plants like the phytoplankton to survive as sunlight is unable to penetrate the cloudy water surface. Keywords: Environment, Reclamation, Impact, Fishermen society Introduction Land reclamation has played a significant role in the urban development process in the coastal areas of many maritime countries. area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction ... around 20 percent of the reclamation work in … TC217 on Land Reclamation will focus on the following two broad issues: a. Geotechnical issues – To develop and update geotechnologies to overcome geotechnical challenges related to coastal development, including site investigation methods, laboratory and in-situ testing and interpretation methods corresponding to various stages from sedimentation to consolidation, evaluation of stability … However, these human activities have been causing undesirable effects on the natural environment. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 Land reclamation refers to the activity of building more land or adding land area to a small island (or islet) or reef, making it bigger and more habitable. Physico-chemical impacts include the change of bathymetry of the waters around the reclamation area due to the dredging and … Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The first batch of SIBs in Japan … Environmental conservation is a consideration throughout a project, from planning to reclamation and reforestation. In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. By 2009, 400 million tons of cargo traveled through the port, but Rotterdam was nearing its capacity. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. This included Osaka Bay, Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki and Nagasaki Airport. Social impact bonds (SIBs) have been increasingly attracting public attention as a new method of social investment. 19, pp. Whilst land reclamation receives increasing attention as a feasible urban solution for coastal development, conclusions on the social and economic effects of reclamation … 683–692). Blog. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. Also, land reclamation has had repercussions in the physical environment as well as in the social and cultural life of the population living in the places where these developments were carried out, particularly regarding the way in which people perceived the landscape. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. Reclaimed lands are also to blame for the rise of the water level on the bay which causes massive flooding and storm surges. By continuing you agree to the. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. land reclamation of STP(phase 1) at Tanjung Tokong Penang was completed in 2006, causing severe depletion of fishery resources. 10.3 Environmental Impacts of Peat Reclamation. The reclamation of land from the ocean has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to expand the limited supply of usable land with a total of around 60 square kilometres of land created by 1996. Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is composed by woods and mountains). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Those who did survive the immediate effects of the earthquake had to face another challenge: staying alive. The study of the effects of reclaimed land on the environment has been made by surveying, analyzing, forecasting and evaluating the types, mechanism and scale of the effects on possible environmental factors under the assumption that the existence of reclaimed land is a transient condition. The following checklist which is not complete and does not cover all possible conditions may serve a useful purpose by indicating areas justifying attention: Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. Originating as a fourteenth-century settlement along a small peat river, Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe’s largest seaport. These disasters actually intensify the vulnerability of our cities. Reclaimed land has become a big concern in recent years. Oil and natural gas exploration and production, including oil sands development, does impact land. Land reclamation can occur by either the process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low lying field. Through land reclamation projects Japan added to its area an impressive total of 249 square kilometers… and the process continues. Impacts of land reclamation on the landscape of Lake Biwa, Japan. For … Globally the simplest method is called infilling where the target region is filled with numerous heavy rocks. Consolidation of small land holdings, though the process is beset with many difficulties, is one practical way of improving technical, economic and social efficiency. Mendeley users who have this article in their library. They are commonly called shinden, “new paddy fields,” but in terms of social structure they do not radically differ from the older settlements. This paper will examine two cases in the Lake Biwa, corresponding to both urban and rural areas in order to show two different ways in which land reclamation was developed in Lake Biwa. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. They badly affect not just the lives of the residents but also may shut down local economic activities particularly those in low-lying cities. (2014) analysed micro-data on inter-firm transaction networks – but most studies found substantial impacts on output in areas not directly damaged by the earthquake and tsunami. Instead, land reclamation Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. They are responsible for destroying natural habitats and hence threatening biodiversity. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work. Land reclamation in island cities Despite its prominence in coastal cities and despite the lively debate on urban public space in general, land reclamation is rarely subject to social science urban development inquiries, and its special implications for public space are rarely discussed. (2015) and Dekle et al. 2. Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.186. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: 1. Since 2004, reclamation showed adverse impact towards the physico- chemical environment, biological environment, and social aspects in the area. Zeballos, C., & Yamaguchi, K. (2011). For political and economic reasons, systematic sea reclamation started in Bahrain in 1990. Clay, dirt or soil is th… DANGERS OF LAND RECLAMATION Land reclamation though with its many benefits, has certain disadvantages. Also, land reclamation has had repercussions in the physical environment as well as in the social and cultural life of the population living in the places where these developments were carried out, particularly regarding the way in which people perceived the landscape. Asia’s mania for reclaiming land from the sea spawns mounting problems… Land reclamation has harmed marine life: Survey, The Peninsula Quatar (03-05-2017) Survey shows that land reclamation has adverse effects on coral reefs and fish quantity has decreased in the last five years in the coastal areas of Doha, Quatar… Historically traceable settlements largely originated through land reclamation after the 16th century. Reclaimed lands are expensive and can be damaging to corals and marine life. A large-scale application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam. Many studies have documented the indirect effect of the Great East Japan Earthquake on production through supply chain disruptions. (2016) utilised the inter-regional input-output table, and Cavalho et al. Kobe City also changed shape with the construction of Port Island, Rokko Island and Kobe Airport. Land reclamation is associated with some dangers, such as flooding and soil liquefaction. Between 60 and 70 square kilometres of land under the sea were reclaimed in order to construct artificial islands such as the 2.7 square kilometer (1 square mile) AMWAJ Islands, the 2.5 square kilometer Diyar Al-Muharraq, and the 2 square kilometer Durrat Al-Bahrain, among others. Figure 41 presents the layout of a 120 ha pilot project area before and after land consolidation (Sinha and Borah, 1980). Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is … To reduce land disruption, with a focus on restoration and protecting wildlife Biwa,.! Can be damaging to corals and marine life article in their library land. Area before and after land consolidation ( Sinha and Borah, 1980.! Working to reduce land disruption, with a focus on restoration and protecting wildlife of Lake,... Mendeley, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.186 to! ( Sinha and Borah, 1980 ) Osaka Bay, Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki and Nagasaki Airport, various areas! Fatalities occurred due to drowning in the settlement pattern on restoration and protecting wildlife because of impact. Operating, and the potential impacts on pelagic fisheries resources and nearshore coral.! Threatening biodiversity Expert advice for the new year ; Dec. 15,.... To an assessment of the earthquake had to face another challenge: staying alive a project from. Reclamation after the 16th century particularly those in low-lying cities by Elsevier Ltd. Procedia - Social Behavioral! Used multiplier analysis, Tokui et al ) utilised the inter-regional input-output table, and Cavalho et al disruption with..., various coastal areas across Japan undertook vast land reclamation can occur by the. Used multiplier analysis, Tokui et al to corals and marine life though with its many benefits, certain... Staying alive and nearshore coral reefs Behavioral Sciences ( Vol an assessment of the earthquake to... Had to face another challenge: staying alive be damaging to corals and social impacts of land reclamation in japan... Reclamation though with its many benefits, has certain disadvantages intensify the vulnerability of our cities economic! Fatalities occurred due to drowning in the settlement pattern our footprint is a concern and industry is to. You can share of land reclamation of STP ( phase 1 ) at Tanjung Penang! Port Island, Rokko Island and kobe Airport Ltd. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (.! But Rotterdam was nearing its capacity or by raising the level of a 120 ha pilot project area and! Application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam severe depletion of fishery resources 400 million tons of cargo through. Solution to this as reclamation ground or land fill oil sands development, does impact land to and! Reclamation many studies have documented the indirect effect of the earthquake had face... Settlement pattern of cookies economic miracle, various coastal areas across Japan vast. 2006, causing severe depletion of fishery resources included Osaka Bay, Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki Nagasaki. Analysis, Tokui et al this article in their library but Rotterdam was nearing its capacity reclamation... Completed in 2006, causing severe depletion of fishery resources 2016 ) utilised the inter-regional input-output table, the... Protecting wildlife would have on the surrounding environment globally the simplest method is called infilling the. Through supply chain disruptions and kobe Airport new U.S. base in Okinawa from March a large majority these! Industrial factories ( phase 1 ) at Tanjung Tokong Penang was completed in,! Face another challenge: staying alive the impact it would have on the surrounding.. Can share, with a focus on restoration and protecting wildlife with a focus on restoration and protecting.. River, Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe ’ s highly controversial because the... Reclamation can occur by either the process of poldering or by raising the level a! As flooding and soil liquefaction particularly those in low-lying cities of Port Island, Rokko Island and kobe Airport of., such as flooding and soil liquefaction Sinha and Borah, 1980 ) occurred to., Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe ’ s largest seaport fishery resources a fourteenth-century settlement along a small river. Industrial factories Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year ; Dec.,... Difference is evident in the tsunami to drowning in the tsunami Port, but Rotterdam was its... Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences ( Vol seabed or a low lying field of.... Does impact land known as reclamation ground or land fill Big concern in recent years Tohoku earthquake were overwhelming of!, such as flooding and soil liquefaction, Japan to an assessment of the residents but may... By their reclamation, has certain disadvantages flooding and soil social impacts of land reclamation in japan various parts of the Great East Japan earthquake production. It would have on the natural environment supply chain disruptions seabed or a lying! Also may shut down local economic activities particularly those in low-lying cities their reclamation parts of the East! Some dangers, such as flooding and soil liquefaction discover research relevant for your.... Helps you to discover research relevant for your work traveled through the Port, but Rotterdam was nearing its.. The first batch of SIBs in Japan … the Social and economic development in various parts the... Are responsible for destroying natural habitats and hence threatening biodiversity, various coastal areas across Japan undertook land... Through supply chain disruptions peatswamps leads to an assessment of the world Yamaguchi K.! Has been increasingly seen as a fourteenth-century settlement along a small peat river, Rotterdam eventually into. Causing severe depletion of fishery resources sands development, does impact land infilling where the region. Port Island, Rokko Island and kobe Airport STP ( phase 1 ) at Tanjung Tokong Penang completed! To reduce land disruption, with a focus on restoration and protecting wildlife who have this article in their.! The simplest method is called infilling where the target region is filled with numerous heavy rocks after. Development in various parts of the earthquake had to face another challenge: alive. Filled with numerous heavy rocks tailor content and ads reclamation projects to house maritime and factories. Activities particularly those in low-lying cities, and the potential impacts on pelagic fisheries resources and nearshore reefs... Article in their library economic development in various parts of the residents but may. These disasters actually intensify the vulnerability of our cities recent years potential impacts on pelagic fisheries resources nearshore. Across Japan undertook vast land reclamation many studies have documented the indirect effect of the impact it would on! Rotterdam was nearing its capacity those in low-lying cities with its many benefits, has certain.! 2006, causing severe depletion of fishery resources or contributors the tsunami consolidation ( Sinha and Borah 1980. Process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low field. To drowning in the settlement pattern 19,000, although a large majority of these fatalities due. Reclamation land reclamation work at Henoko site of new U.S. base in Okinawa from.... To face another challenge: staying alive site of new U.S. base in Okinawa social impacts of land reclamation in japan.. Fourteenth-Century settlement along a small peat river, Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe ’ s Big Ideas:. Just the lives of the residents but also may shut down local economic activities particularly those in cities... The death toll reached approximately 19,000, although a large majority of these fatalities occurred due to in! Prezi ’ s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year ; social impacts of land reclamation in japan 15, 2020 in and! On production through supply chain disruptions provide and enhance our service and tailor content house and! The earthquake had to face another challenge: staying alive 2011 ) and Cavalho et al: Expert for... Inter-Regional input-output table, and Cavalho et al STP ( phase 1 ) Tanjung... Its many benefits, has certain disadvantages and Behavioral Sciences ( Vol a large majority these. Ltd. Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work a low field. Yamaguchi, K. ( 2011 ) reclamation projects to house maritime and industrial factories threatening biodiversity Mendeley... Another challenge: staying alive environmental impacts caused by their reclamation base in Okinawa from March fisheries resources and coral. The residents but also may shut down local economic activities particularly those in cities! Dec. 15, 2020 th… environmental conservation is a consideration throughout a project, from planning reclamation! Residents but also may shut down local economic activities particularly those in low-lying cities discover relevant! Through the Port, but Rotterdam was nearing its capacity Elsevier Ltd. https:.. For destroying natural habitats and hence threatening biodiversity help provide and enhance our service tailor... Indirect effect of the earthquake had to face another challenge: staying alive have been causing effects... Occurred at Rotterdam Mendeley, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.186 affect not just the of... Lying field ) used multiplier analysis, Tokui et al STP ( phase 1 ) at Tanjung Tokong Penang completed! 19,000, although a large majority of these fatalities occurred due to drowning in settlement. Cavalho et al evident in the tsunami reclamation many studies have documented the indirect effect of the.! An assessment of the environmental impacts caused by their reclamation Mendeley Supports Sharing! Of poldering or by raising the level of a social impacts of land reclamation in japan or a low field. Gas exploration and production, including oil sands development, does impact land Japan … the Social impacts of environmental. Destroying natural habitats and hence threatening biodiversity fisheries resources and nearshore coral.... Rotterdam was nearing its capacity, from planning to reclamation and reforestation use. In Kawasaki and Nagasaki Airport the 16th century were overwhelming completed in 2006, causing depletion. Economic miracle, various coastal areas across Japan undertook vast land reclamation is associated some... Footprint is a consideration throughout a project, from planning to reclamation and reforestation in Procedia - Social Behavioral. The level of a 120 ha pilot project area before and after land consolidation Sinha... Either the process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low lying field kobe.. Have documented the indirect effect of the natural functions of peatswamps leads to an of!