Some RCN leaders harbored serious doubts that the destroyers could effectively pursue and destroy su… All that training has been instrumental in the successful ditching and in some cases subsequent recovery, of several helicopters at sea. Each crew consists of two pilots, a Tactical Coordinator (TACCO), and an Airborne Electronic Sensor Operator (AESOp).[16]. C/N. During a 25 February 1959 meeting of the Naval Board, it was decided that the Navy would counter the new threat by outfitting destroyers for helicopter operation. Photo ©: Karsten Palt . News. The project was divided into two sections, with distinct airframe and integrated mission systems components. In 1983, the Department of National Defence began issuing contracts for the Sea King Replacement Project. In August 2011, the Canadian Forces reverted to the former structure of the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force. Conducting helicopter operations from Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) ships is a complex and dangerous procedure requiring the highest degree of safety. News. [14], The Liberal government continued the leisurely pace of the project despite several high-profile Sea King crashes. However, by the end of the 1980s, the CF had another problem at its hands; the fleet of CH-113 Labrador search-and-rescue helicopters needed replacing. [11] Late that year, the entire fleet was grounded (except for essential operations) for several weeks after two aircraft coincidentally lost power within days of each other. The airframe components were made by Sikorsky in Connecticut but most CHSS-2s were assembled in Longueuil, Quebec, by United Aircraft of Canada (now Pratt & Whitney Canada), a subsidiary of Sikorsky's parent company, United Aircraft. [10] Upon the unification of Canada's military in 1968, the CHSS-2 was re-designated CH-124.[11]. However, this decision was criticized, often by the same elements who had attacked the earlier decision to split the MHP contest, as the procurement process was forced to restart. Successful trials were held in October 1956 using a Sikorsky HO4S-3[5][6] and a larger temporary landing platform was soon installed on the new destroyer escort HMCS Ottawa. Although these craft were noisier than older submarines and could therefore be detected at longer ranges, they were also capable of 30 knots (56 km/h) while submerged, which was faster than the top speed of the RCN's new St. Laurent-class destroyer escorts at 28.5 knots (52.8 km/h). Die kanadische Marine kaufte 1963 41 Sea Kings. Initial 1959 studies identified two helicopters that seemed suitable—the Sikorsky S-61 (HSS-2) and the Kaman K-20 (HU2K)—but neither aircraft had flown at the time, so no choice was made. Photos. [13] The DND subsequently decided that the NH-90 was non-compliant with requirements and thus was eliminated from the contest, despite rumours that the NH-90 had all but won the contest months before. In 2013 the CH-124 fleet averaged 9–14,000 flying hours, while Sea Kings of other fleets go as high as 40,000 hours. It served with the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) and Canadian Armed Forces from 1963 to 2018. [14], In July 2004, it was announced that the Sea Kings would be replaced by the Sikorsky H-92 Superhawk, carrying a General Dynamics mission package, with the first of 28 CH-148 Cyclones scheduled for delivery in 2008. Terminating the new helicopters was one of the top priorities in the party's election platform for the federal election.[8]. [2] As such, the New Shipboard Aircraft Project (NSA) was initiated by the Progressive Conservative government led by Brian Mulroney in 1985 to find a replacement for the Sea King. [7] However, the political damage was done, and it did not help Tory credibility that when Campbell suggested that an ASW capability could be vital if submarines were used to run the blockade of Haiti, as the very idea that submarines might run this blockade in support of the Haitian junta was absurd. [13] In December 2002, the new minister of National Defence, John McCallum, reversed 'two-part' approach, opting "to proceed with a single contract rather than two". [2], In 1986, the NSA entered its project definition phase – 'Solicitations of Interest' from industry were requested in April 1986. The plan to replace the 50-year-old Sea Kings - which fly from the decks of Canadian warships - is years behind schedule, billions of dollars over budget and apparently beset with technical glitches. [3], However, in a surprise move, Sikorsky then withdrew from the contest, because the SeaHawk was seen by the CF as too small, and furthermore the Sikorsky was competing with its own interests, having bought part of troubled Westland Helicopters, which was offering the EH-101. Originally known as ... Helicopters. TECHNICAL IMPROVEMENTS ANTI-ICING. The Canadian Forces held a farewell for the CH-124 Sea King maritime helicopter marking its more than five decades of service, in a parade held Saturday in British Columbia. Canadian Sea King 405 New Home in Trenton, 05-Dec-18 : #SeaKing The Sikorsky CH-124 #405, one of the Royal Canadian Air Force’s (RCAF) longest-serving Sea King helicopters arrived at her new home in the National Air Force Museum of Canada (NAFMC) in Trenton, Ontario. Although the CH-124 had frequent technical issues, none are serious, and they could maintain an 87 percent serviceability rate. Operational trials were conducted using an RCAF Sikorsky S-58, a substantially larger and heavier aircraft than the HO4S, and the success of these tests led to approval of the concept. Some commentators observed that cancelling the NSA contract was not a fiscally responsible move. The training of maintenance personnel and flight crews is simplified. Sea King Mk.41: 1969 : In 1969 Germany ordered 22 Sea Kings to replace H-34G and SH-34J Helicopters. [9], The first of 41 helicopters would be delivered in 1963 carrying the designation CHSS-2 Sea King. [9] During one debate, Chrétien famously retorted that the president of the United States still flew in a Sea King, thus the helicopter was also good enough for Canada. The Sikorsky CH-124 Sea King is a twin-engined anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter designed for shipboard use by Canadian naval forces, based on the US Navy's SH-3. 1890 operators 54878 serials 31589 photos 8532 heliports C/N. Many considered the rebranding a previously successful product smacks of desperation, as sales of the AS332F were anything but brisk at the time. The Sea Kings were assigned to the former Iroquois-class destroyers (2 per ship with total of 6), Halifax-class frigates (1 per ship with total of 12), and the former Protecteur-class replenishment ships (3 per ship with total 6) as a means of extending the surveillance capabilities beyond the horizon. [6][7], The RCN's then current HO4S-3 utility helicopter could not operate safely in inclement weather with a heavy weapons and sensor load, which would be imperative for the ASW role; hence, a more capable aircraft was needed. When it became clear that new helicopters were desperately needed to replace the Sea King, the Liberal government began a slow procurement process that critics accused of being deliberately tailored to prevent the selection of the EH-101. Following a change of government in October 1993, the incoming Liberal Partyordered the immediate cancellation of the order, forcing the payment of CA$500 million of cancellation fees. However, the contracts were not intended to replace the CH-124, then reaching its 20th birthday in Canadian Forces service, but instead were meant to develop new avionics for an unknown new helicopter type to replace the Sea King in CF service. The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) became a major operator of the type (see Sikorsky CH-124 Sea King) following its introduction to service in 1963, and remained as Canada's dominant maritime helicopter for 50 years, until 2018. It can also be fitted with FLIR to find surface vessels at night. In the 1960s,[12] the RCN developed a technique for landing the huge helicopters on small ship decks, using a 'hauldown' winch (called a "Beartrap"),[13] earning aircrews the nickname of "Crazy Canucks". 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