McQuillan & Krashen (2008) answer that learners may read far more than 175,000 words but rather +1,000,000 words in 2 years, but Cobb (2008) counters that view as being based on excessively successful cases of reading oversimplified texts. It sees the book as a work of literature. Unfortunately, when learning a second or foreign language, people tend to employ only "intensive" style reading skills. There are several types of Extensive Reading program. Find out about different writing problems that students may encounter. |, View Cart Characteristics of Extensive Reading Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. In M. J. Snowling and C. Hulme (Eds. In Extensive Reading the students’ activity is more complex than in Intensive Reading. One of the best ways to incorporate both intensive and extensive reading in your learning is by setting SMART goals. The teacher needs to explain what this is about, and according to the level of the students, explain the rationale behind implementing such a scheme. According to Cobb (2007), Krashen (1989)'s Input Hypothesis states that extensive reading generates a continuous hidden learning (lexical input), eventually "doing the entire job" of vocabulary acquisition. Reading simply for pleasure or reading technical, scientific or professional material. Reading material is normally for pleasure, information, or general understanding; reading is its own reward with few or no follow-up exercises after reading; reading is individual and silent. Lots – comprehension qs and language work.  One issue is that listening speed is generally slower than reading speed, so simpler texts are recommended – one may be able to read a text extensively, but not be able to listen to it extensively. Oral reading. First, the texts that are used are generally relatively easy for the learners to understand, with few unknown words. Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading. It is believed that extensive reading is an important factor in education. Basically intensive reading is supposed to be easier, but not pleasurable or leisurely reading. As F. W. Newman writes in his introduction to a Latin translation of Robinson Crusoe: Laufer suggests that 3,000 word families or 5,000 lexical items are a threshold (Laufer 1997 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLaufer1997 (help)) beyond which learners will be able to read more efficiently. This type of reading is called Intensive Reading because the learners study the reading and check their comprehension. Reading is its own reward. . The main goal here is to retain information for the long-term. Comprehension questions and language exercises, Lock-step. C. Intensive reading. For advocates of extensive reading, lack of reading selection is an acute issue in classical languages such as Latin – the main readings available being quite difficult and perceived as dry. There is no email address associated with this username. Active Reading. A number of studies report significant incidental vocabulary gain in extensive reading in a foreign language (Huckin & Coady 1999). As against, intensive reading is all about textbook reading. However, the primary focus of intensive reading is to understand the literal meaning of the text being read. Reading speed is usually faster when students read materials they can easily understand. Each type might be labelled ER but sometimes this can lead to … In simple terms Extensive Reading is reading as many easy books as possible for pleasure, and can be contrasted with intensive reading which is slow, careful reading of a short, difficult text. The aim of a free voluntary reading program is to help students to enjoy reading, so assessment is usually minimized or eliminated entirely. Intensive reading involves learners reading in detail with specific learning aims and tasks. This method is recommended especially for language students, as it helps them truly grasp the meaning of the words in context. |, How to Register? In the first language, many connections have been made between reading and vocabulary size, as well as other academic skills. Types Of Reading 11 Questions | By Serenity | Last updated: Jan 16, 2013 | Total Attempts: 3013 Questions All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 … Cobb (2007) summarizes as follows: "[the quantitative study] shows the extreme unlikelihood of developing an adequate L2 reading lexicon [above 2,000 words families] through reading alone, even in highly favorable circumstances" since "for the vast majority of L2 learners, free or wide reading alone is not a sufficient source of vocabulary knowledge for reading". There is a wide variety of text types and topics to choose from. This type of ER is one that works in tandem with normal classes. References:https://youtu.be/l00G2h9JP3Mhttps://www.merriam-webster.com/https://www.freepik.com/https://www.pexels.com/https://www.flaticon.com/If you … Day and Bamford (1988), pp. Some recent practitioners have not followed all of these traits, or have added to them, for example, requiring regular follow-up exercises such as story summaries or discussions and the use of audio materials in tandem with the readings (Bell 1998). Possible examples of extensive reading material are magazines, graded readers, novels and, yes, even comic books! Let me make it very clear that I am not saying intensive reading is not necessary, and that we should only do extensive reading with learners. Those results should be higher than 6 to 10 encounters, the number needed for stable initial word learning to occur. Extensive reading (ER) has several defining characteristics which make it different to most reading that happens in ELT classrooms. The learner's encounters with unknown words in specific contexts will allow the learner to infer and thus learn those words' meanings. ! There tends to be a lot of self-selected reading at home and in class. The Extensive Reading Foundation is a not-for-profit, charitable organization whose purpose is to support and promote extensive reading. Extensive reading is reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure, as well as to gain a basic understanding of something. Register to Continue This type of reading considers the text as a means to an end. The fact of promoting autonomous and self-selected readings extensively makes this reading approach suitable for both L2 and EFL learners (Renandya & Jacobs, 2002). The one you select will depend on your goals, the institution’s needs and so forth. Day and Bamford (1998), Day (2002), Prowse (2002), and Maley (2008 and 2009) have identified a number of key characteristics of Extensive Reading in language learning. Extensive definition is - having wide or considerable extent. It often involves a lot of work on the vocabulary follow up exercises, tests and so forth. Another is maintaining a bibliography of research on extensive reading.  Extensive and intensive reading are two approaches to language learning and instruction, and may be used concurrently; intensive reading is, however, the more common approach, and often the only one used.. Students select what they want to read and have the freedom to stop reading material that fails to interest them. There are often follow up exercises / reports which aim to build the 4 skills. Working with textbooks is commonplace. Reading purposes focus on: pleasure, information and general understanding. In intensive reading, learners usually read texts that are more difficult, in terms of content and language, than those used for extensive reading. Often is a stand-alone class. After this threshold, the learner leaves the beginner paradox, and enters a virtuous circle (Coady & Huckin 1997, p. 233 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFCoady_&_Huckin1997 (help)). Cobb (2007), McQuillan & Krashen (2008), and Cobb (2008) offer contrasting perspectives. Proponents such as Stephen Krashen (1989) claim that reading alone will increase encounters with unknown words, bringing learning opportunities by infer… Intensive Reading Extensive Reading Intensive and Extensive Reading Together Scanning Skimming Scanning and Skimming Together References Overview: Aims of the web page: Several types of reading may occur in a language classroom. The material should be varied in subject matter and character. The Foundation is also interested in helping educational institutions set up extensive reading programs through grants that fund the purchase of books and other reading material. Each type might be labelled ER but sometimes this can lead to considerable debate! As well as facilitating acquisition of vocabulary, it is believed to increase motivation through positive affective benefits. The Principles of Extensive Reading. Detailed. A. 7. . A response to Cobb (2007)", http://www.seg.co.jp/sss/information/SSSER-2006.htm, The JALT Extensive Reading Special Interest Group, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Extensive_reading&oldid=990956130, Articles with dead external links from December 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Articles needing cleanup from October 2010, Cleanup tagged articles without a reason field from October 2010, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from October 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 1997, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 13:49. Oral B. Far from it. https://www.weareteacherfinder.com/blog/extensive-intensive-reading 7 Reading Techniques or Styles are the following: Scanning. D. Extensive reading. Because extensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, learners need to be introduced carefully. Extensive reading, free reading, book flood, or reading for pleasure is a way of language learning, including foreign language learning, through large amounts of reading. Extensive reading has been used and advocated in language learning since at least the 19th century (with Latin; see below).  As of 2008[update], readers are notably absent or scarce in Russian, Arabic, Japanese, and Mandarin Chinese, though since 2006, an extensive reader series is available in Japanese. It can entertain us; amuse us and enrich us with knowledge and experiences narrated. The limits of Intensive reading. There are generally four types of ER program in terms of their focus, not their size. 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