The entire debate can be found here and with excerpts reproduced below: MUTINY BILL—FLOGGING OF SOLDIERS. When the offender was tied, or rather hung up by the hands, his back, from intense cold and the effects of previous floggings, exhibited a complete blue and black appearance. Flogging was removed by an amendment to the Indian Army Act in 1920. They flew into each other's arms, clung together, and, when they were torn asunder, the tear of pity started to the eyes of all around. Flagellation, referred to as flogging in the British military, was a form of corporal punishment inflicted by means of whipping the back of the prisoner. doubted whether the Motion could be entertained, and whether the Crown had the option of varying the Articles of War. The poor fellow threw himself on his knees and implored forgiveness in the most earnest and pathetic manner, or that, in preference to the degradation of flogging, his punishment might be commuted to solitary confinement, if even for six months. He would add, that the Commander-in-chief, and the high officers of the service, and the commanders of regiments, were all anxious to second the exertions of the Secretary-at-War. But he would venture to read a few more facts. That they were a force, which could be used as an iron fist was achieved by a level of corporal punishment which beggars belief. In reading these statements, he hoped This was unprecedented and should never be done “except in cases of military exigency.” Mr Macauley’s reply to Mr Hawes cc 971-2, iv J R Dinwiddy, ‘The Early Nineteenth Century Campaign Against Flogging’ English Historical Review 97:383 (1982) pp 308-331 Especially pp310-311, v Skelley, The Victorian Army at Home pp148-9 In 1867, vi Peter Burroughs ‘Crime and Punishment in the British Army, 1815-70’ English Historical Review 100:396 (1985) pp545-571 p547, viii Peter Burroughs, ‘The Human Cost of Imperial Defences in the Early Victorian Age’ Victorian Studies 24:1 (1980) pp7-32 See especially p 8. Wood engraving 19th century. This emancipation from the lash and the rattan came approximately 40 years after flogging had been abolished for the British soldier by the Army Discipline and Regulation Act, 1881. Let us trace the evil to its source. The House divided:—Ayes 15; Noes 33—Majority 18. Certain it is, however, that he did not utter a word. This was often fatal, and sailors could have been whipped dozens of times by the end of it. It consists in giving a soldier who has fallen under the displeasure of his commanding-officer, the choice, either to receive a certain number of lashes—say fifty 100, or 150, as the case may be, or to abide the decision of a court-martial.' ( Log Out /  This was a military form of transportation. A Handsome Flogging: The Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 (Emerging Revolutionary War Series) - Kindle edition by Griffith, William R.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. the East-India army. Baronet, the member for Westminster. He would then have his wrists lashed to the grate, and the Boatswain would proceed to whip him with a Cat O’ Nine Tails. i Alan Ramsay Skelley, The Victorian Army at Home: The Recruitment and Terms and Conditions of the British Regulars, 1859-1899 (Montreal 1977) “punishments which were awarded in the army either summarily or by court-martial seemed frequently to bear little proportion to the offences that were committed.” p139, iii Hansard Parliamentary Debates ‘Flogging on a Sunday – The Earl of Cardigan’ 22 April 1841 (henceforward Hansard) The earl of Cardigan, had a soldier flogged immediately after church service and in the church. A grating would be rigged upright, and the sailor would have his shirt removed. I one day attended the hospital as orderly officer, and when I asked, as was my duty, if there were any complaints, a man with a dejected and maniac visage, bellowed out, "Yes, I have a complaint to make, that neither you nor the King of England can remedy." He had, on two former occasions, very slightly touched upon it; but he had been met by resistance on the part of his Majesty's Government. Flogging of a woman convict in Russia as a public spectacle, using a knout , a heavy scourge-like multiple whip, 18th century. From this moment he never looked up, but soon sunk into the grave, leaving a wife and child. These, thank God, were probably the last instances of flogging in the British Army." The instances which I have now laid before you, Sir, in proof of the evil effects of flogging soldiers, will perhaps find their way to the heart sooner than all the arguments that can be urged against this barbarous mode of punishment. This proposal, however, the hardened delinquent rejected with indignation, professing that he would rather take 1,400 lashes than suffer fourteen days' solitary 'confinement in the black-hole. instinctively from the sight and stood absorbed in thought, with his eyes in another direction, as though reluctant to look on it again. No man could rise up from the perusal of its melancholy details without feeling that many brave soldiers had been destroyed by this flogging system. friend had not, he should postpone the discussion till a future day. Below, a record of such punishments and the tale of Private Paddy Shannon from the history of The Royal Irish Fusiliers. In the Napoleonic Wars, the maximum number of lashes that could be inflicted on soldiers in the British Army reached 1,200. The Colonel and the whole regiment were now much affected, and many of the soldiers turned away their heads to hide their emotions. Search this site. The pamphlet which had been so largely quoted, sufficiently established the fact, that something very different prevailed now in the army, with He repeated, that it was necessary that the utmost caution should be used in making such a great change in the punishments of the army, and he thought, if they went hastily and unadvisedly to work, they would expose to great hazard the constitution of the army. It was not necessary, that after the court-martial, the public should know in what manner its sentence was carried into effect; and the knowledge of the punishment being inflicted transpired only through the communication of some private soldier, which, in itself, was a disobedience of orders. This unfortunate creature shortly afterwards shot himself in his barrack-room, in a sad state of intoxication, and was borne to his solitary pit, and hurled in like a dog. He (Mr. Hume) was aware that was a mistake, and he had stated as much to the person who brought him the petition. The story of Britain’s imperial legions is indeed as much a record of callous indifference to human suffering, incompetence in high places and wanton waste of expendable cannon fodder as of bravery and honour, glory and self-sacrifice.viii, However even an intimidated army feared some things more than corporal punishment no matter how brutal. As to the punishment taking place in secret, that was frequently the case with sentences pronounced by civil Courts, and had nothing to do with secresy of prosecution or of trial. [11] 1897. FLOGGING IN THE ARMY. The objective intimidation of soldiers gathered on the parade ground watching sadistic punishment. The savagery of the punishments that were inflicted reflected the view that soldiers were criminally minded:-, “Military traditionalists in the early and mid- Victorian period attributed crime among soldiers to constitutional depravity and inherited degeneracy.”vi. However some where in the past I have read 'Somewhere' that it was not a frequent Punishment in either service. His offence, on this occasion, was being drunk on guard, and his sentence was 300 lashes. In the town’s barrack a sergeant of the 30th Regiment was being flogged 100 times by the cat o’ nine tails, for the grevious … Wartime court martials lost the power to sentence British men to flogging in 1881, though African troops in the British army were flogged until 1946. I am ignorant what kind of cats were used when this pernicious system was first introduced into the army, but they are now, I believe, very different in different regiments, and, indeed, there is sometimes a variety kept in the same corps. He was aware that flogging was the law of the land; he knew that the Mutiny Act had passed, and that it must remain in force unless there was a fresh Act of Parliament. It was Prince Albert, consort to Queen Victoria, who abolished the use of the lash as a disciplinary tool in both the Royal Navy and the British army. It followed him the rest of his life as a sign of his class rank. Sergeants of British grenadier and light infantry companies carried fusils instead of halberds. had no reason to complain of the tone or manner in which the hon. He hoped the House would bear with him, though he was trespassing so much upon its attention and patience; but this was a subject which he had considered it his duty, ever since he had been in the House, to bring forward. This was a further reason why using prison as a punishment was opposed by the army. He was aware that the punishment of flogging was inflicted now much less than it was formerly. Was it one which ought to be made the subject of a court-martial? by igt_admin Posted on January 19, 2015. Photo credit: grousebridgewater.wordpress.com. tial from 500 to 300. Gentleman would not press his Motion. The punishment was for ‘insubordination’ii. Severe punishment was summarily awarded for trivial misdemeanoursi. Whether the poor fellow's death was to be attributed to the punishment he had suffered, or to the effect of that punishment on his mind, and consequently on his frame, I cannot take upon myself to pronounce; but I fear it must be assigned to one or other of these causes. Member would be more certain of attaining the end he had in view, by withdrawing his Motion, and relying upon the stedfast exertions of his right hon. When a British Army was on active service in a foreign land for a protracted period of time, such as Wellington ’s Army in Spain and Portugal, the more the role of the provost marshal expanded. He had tried to manage it but was unable; and being an inexperi- In 1867 Parliament abolished flogging in the armed services. Petitions read, and ordered to be printed. Bless you, Sir, before his punishment there was not a smarter or finer looking soldier in the King's army; but, after he was flogged, he never did no more good, but became a dirty, slovenly fellow, and was never sober if he had the means of getting liquor. Gentleman had already consumed. Outlawed in 1861, flagellation or “flogging” is the beating of the human body with whips, lashes, rods, and similar objects. 881 Date modified Old Lines New Lines; Close × Captcha. On March 13, 1812, Sir Burdett is again trying to introduce an important reform by abolishing corporal punishment or flogging in the British Army. There was a general feeling prevailing, not only in the country, but also in the service itself, that it would evidently be to the advantage of that service to get rid of the punishment of flogging, if possible, altogether. A short time after, this man was promoted, and proved one of the best non-commissioned officers in the service. He hoped this salutary fashion was still continued; but, when floggings such as had recently been inflicted at Birmingham, and as occurred frequently in the Bird-cage-walk were still heard of, he was afraid it was not. Two men were brought to court-martial. He declared, that if he were to see a regiment just returned from abroad, he would venture to pick out every man as he stept on shore, who had suffered the disgrace and torture of military flogging. Strachan, Hew, Wellington's Legacy: The Reform of the British Army 1830–54 (Manchester, 1984); Spiers, Edward M. Friend the Member for 375 Bolton made with respect to corporal punishment in the army. If any such investigation had been deemed requisite, ample attestations might have been produced, from which it would have appeared that this poor wretch had scarcely ever looked up from the date of his first flogging; that his prospects as a soldier had been utterly destroyed; and that his degradation had been so acutely felt by him, as to paralyze his best efforts towards amendment, and at length to sink him into a state of worthlessness and despair. The result was looked for with breathless anxiety, and probably it was expected that the offender would have pleaded something in extenuation of his fault; but, to an ardent love which this man entertained for his profession, was added a manly pride, which probably restrained him from begging publicly for pardon. The extracts which the hon. It appeared from this statement, and from the admission of many gallant officers, that after a man had once been subjected to such punishment, he never was worth anything. It was very moderate in its tone and temper. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading A Handsome Flogging: The Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 (Emerging Revolutionary War Series). This emancipation from the lash and the rattan came approximately 40 years after flogging had been abolished for the British soldier by the Army Discipline and Regulation Act, 1881. The crime of this man was repeated drunkenness, of which he had, undoubtedly, been guilty; but what was the cause of this constant inebriety? In 1868 flogging was prohibited in time of peace, with a limit of 50 lashes retained during service in the field. Mortal combat demanded an unflinching obedience and British soldiers had had that trait beaten into them. Those which I have seen and used were made of a thick and strong kind of whipcord; and in each lash, nine in number, and generally about two feet long, were tied three large knots, so that a poor wretch who was doomed to receive 1,000 lashes, had 27,000 knots cutting into his back; and men have declared to me, that the sensation experienced at each lash, was as though the talons of a hawk were tearing the flesh off their bones. Deaths from floggings were not unknown, though were mor… ', There were many in that House who would recollect the story of Lazarus and the rich man; and what the individual there offered for a drop of water to cool his palate; and when those Gentlemen had pictured to their imaginations the sufferings which the soldier must endure, who was tied up, and receiving 1,000 lashes, they would be able to conceive what was the distress of Dives; they might then judge of the horrible system pursued in our army for preserving military discipline, when they reflected, that like the man we read of in Scripture, these victims begged for a drop of water, and it was denied them. He had seen Lieutenant Shipp, and the details which he had stated, were well worthy the attention of his Majesty's Ministers. If those whose duty it is to form the code of military laws will allow soldiers to possess the common feelings and sensibilities of other men, it must be obvious that degrading a man, by flogging him like some vile miscreant, must be attended with great and irreparable injury Not pleasant and why it’s in our Bill of Rights. He, therefore, meant to submit to the House a proposition calculated to benefit the army, and throw a lustre on his Majesty's present Government, and he could not conceive any possible objection to its adoption. rushed through the square, and threw herself between him and the Drummer. The elder boy soon died. Mr. Shipp expressed himself in the following manner:—'It is some consolation to me to be able to say, that my present views are not induced by the remembrance of personal castigation; but from the practical observation of its effect on others, I can most solemnly affirm that, in my opinion, flogging is, and always will be, the best, the quickest, and most certain method that can be devised, to eradicate from the bosom of a British soldier his most loyal and laudable feelings. To exemplify the evil consequences which resulted from this species of punishment, he would beg leave to refer to a higher authority than his own; to a letter which had been addressed to Sir F. Burdett, by a soldier who had served upwards of forty years in the British army, who, though he had subsequently risen to the rank of Lieutenant, had originally been a Drummer, and who stated, that he had himself inflicted this torture three times a week upon his comrades, during the eight years which he remained a Drummer. Of the fate of the younger I cannot speak with certainty; but I think he was found drowned in Table Bay, at the Cape of Good Hope'. The ‘horrid lash’: flogging in garrison towns. been neither unwise nor impolitic to have discharged them all; for men who would be base enough to fight against their own country, could scarcely be considered fit to be trusted by any other power. 0:06. Discipline in the British Army was sadistic. 876 Military flogging was abolished in the United States Army on 5 August 1861. I asked him, in the kindest manner, what it was? ( Log Out /  883 Indeed, he did not believe that it ever had prevailed. Member such a practice did not now prevail. Flogging was a whipping using a cat-o'nine-tails - a diabolical device designed especially for its task. 875 Mr. Shipp stated that he had himself been ordered to make such a proposition to a soldier. He sold all his own things to purchase liquor, and then stole those of others; and at last he died in the hospital from drunkenness. friend, the Secretary-at-War, and the Commander-in-chief, and the commandants of regiments, all of whom were anxious to diminish, and, if possible, ultimately to abolish, this species of punishment in our army. … No evidence is available to confirm this assertion so this account should be treated as fantasy and speculation. Browse more videos. The little fellow received every lash to which he had been sentenced; and in little more than a year after, there were not two greater reprobates or vagabonds in the whole corps. It was safer and the hon. Reforms of the British Army in 1868, included the abolition of flogging as a punishment in peacetime and reserving it as a punishment for use on active service only until, finally in 1888, it was abolished entirely. Member, though he would undoubtedly govern himself according to what he perceived to be the sense of the House on the subject. Corporal punishment was cheap and quick unlike prison. Numbers of them were taken down and carried from the square in a state of utter insensibility. He, therefore, thought, that the experiment ought to be made which was now proposed. It was entitled, "A Voice from the Ranks, by John Shipp, late a Lieutenant in the 67th Foot." The man received them without a groan; but, as he marched out of the square, said, on passing his commanding officer, "The devil a day's work will you ever get out of Paddy again." Member had truly stated a very great change had been made of late years in the army with regard to corporal punishment. 884 Have they ever poised the cat in their hands when clotted with a soldiers blood after punishment had been inflicted? T here was other less harsh punishments introduced at this time and will also be discussed. 879 Baronet, he (Mr. Robinson) should be ready to support any measure short of abolition. The astonished culprit called on his comrades to bear witness to his words, while, in a most solemn manner, he protested his firm resolution to amend. Public outrage about specific instances could result in parliamentary questions. They were not written from mere hearsay, but were the result of a long and checquered experience of a man of much talent and undoubted bravery. Flogging and Courage: the British Army 1800-81, Gordon Brown and the Winter Fuel Allowance. Flogging by the gangway was used for nearly all noncapital offenses. Seeing this, the Colonel called the attention of the offender to the commiseration of his comrades. He remembered full well, that in the 15th Light Dragoons, then commanded by his royal highness the Duke of Cumberland, two private soldiers had, to avoid the punishment of flogging, put themselves to death, the one by drowning, and the other by cutting his throat. Playing next. friend opposite on the subject, because he knew, that his right hon. Public reprobation had marked the system, and in a time of profound peace, it was high time that it should be inquired into, and, if possible, got rid of. ( Log Out /  During the whole of my career, which included a period of upwards of thirty years, and the length and nature of which afforded me opportunities for extensive inquiry and accurate information, I never knew but one solitary instance in which a man recovered self-respect and general reputation, after having been tortured and degraded by the punishment of flogging'. However, in British legal terminology, a distinction was drawn (and still is, in one or two colonial territories) between "flogging" (with a cat-o'-nine-tails) and "whipping" (formerly with a whip, but since the early 19th century with a birch). When I was at the Cape, in 1798 or 1799 (I forget which), a Serjeant in the regiment in which I served was sentenced to be reduced to the ranks, and to receive 100 lashes. The experiment, however, might be made by an order being issued to the commanding officer, that an end be put to the punishment of flogging; because, however much the practice might now be mitigated, yet it could not be denied, that, so long as men had power, they were inclined to exercise, and too often abuse it. Mr. Shipp mentioned another case which had taken place under his own eyes. This last desperate alternative was never necessary, for he died of drunkenness ere he had attained the age of twentysix, adding to the long catalogue of those whose buoyant spirits could not brook the degradation of the cat. They took their chance against the certainty of whatever sentence they had been awardedx. They had deserted altogether, and probably intended to have gone home again, not much relishing their new mode of life. This was the treatment of the poor, and wretched, and tortured private soldier. Additionally public humiliation such as ‘branding’ was used as a public humiliation and a warning to others. In 1866, a major case was brought under trial. Brutalisation extended across the entire army. In the Royal Navy, the punishment was administered by a bosun's mate with a heavier cat than that used in the Army, where the punishment was given by a drummer or bugler and the number of lashes was correspondingly higher than was routine in the Navy. British sergeants used the versatile halberd to straighten their formations, set distances between the ranks, and prod men into line. Whatever might be said of the humane disposition of officers, it was evident that the system was different in different regiments. If a man deserve such ignominy and debasement, he is unfit for a soldier, and ought to be discharged the service. The condemned would be whipped with a cat-o’-nine-tails, a whip with nine (sometimes) waxed knotted tails. 892 Each soldier acting unlawfully ran the risk of execution, corporal punishment such as flogging (whipping), transportation to a disease-ridden colony, or imprisonment in the black hole. One December morning in 1845 the ‘loud and agonizing cries of a person apparently in the extremes of bodily torture and anguish’ echoed through the streets of Castlebar, County Mayo. A proposal to abolish flogging was first introduced in Congress in 1820 by Representative Samuel Foot, but it was unsuccessful. Horrified at my disgusting appearance, immediately after parade I have run into the barrack-room to escape from the observation of the soldiers, and to rid my clothes and person of my comrades blood. As to what had been said by the hon. then proceeded to bring forward a Motion for the suspension of the punishment of flogging in the army during one year. Or, to be technical, forcibly tattooed. It is the prescribed punishment for ... Once common in the British Army and British Royal Navy as a means of discipline, flagellation also featured prominently in the British penal colonies in early colonial Australia. He must, however, observe, that since he had had the honour of sitting in the Chair, he never had heard so long a time occupied in reading as the hon. Member; but there could be no step more unpropitious for attaining the purpose sought, the practical advance in the mitigation of flogging, than to bring forward all those facts—of a most grievous description, certainly—which in former years occurred, without taking any notice of those changes of the system which had made a repetition of such facts impossible. With respect to the general question, however, it was not necessary that he should discuss it with the hon. Gentleman opposite was prepared to show that there was not; because it must be, contrary to law. I came across descriptions of flogging by the Nazis in Norway as a form of torture.It was often crippling, damagin the back of the victim forever as it cut muscle. The delinquent was a private soldier, who had, on previous occasions received, altogether, some thousands of lashes. Not pleasant and why it’s in our Bill of Rights. The outrage was caused by being on a Sunday in a church. Warnings against the excessive use of flogging were written as early as 1797 by Captain Thomas Truxtun and in 1808 by Surgeon Edward Cutbush. The Drummers of a regiment were charged with the task of flogging an offender. With the consent of the Judge Advocate-General and of the Commander-in-chief, he had succeeded in having the new articles of war so drawn up, that the greatest number of lashes that could be inflicted by a regimental court-martial was reduced from 300 to 200, and by a garrison court-mar- Troublesome troops … He was anxious, for the sake of humanity, and for the character of the army, to get rid of it. This was a whip made out of 9 strands, with small knots on the end. friend, the Secretary at War, had had an opportunity of communicating with Major Wyndham. 882 Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Sergeants of British grenadier and light infantry companies carried fusils instead of halberds. What escaped public scrutiny were other features such as the SCM, a harsher scale of punishment and collective fines for loss of military property which continued to distinguish the Indian Army Act from the British Army Act. Upper level people in the British Army apparently never got this. At the period when the present Speaker became Judge Advocate, the practice of flogging was very frequent; and when he left that, situation, the infliction of this species of punishment was much diminished. Thus stood the commanding officer, until the Adjutant informed him that all was ready. He would proceed, therefore, to read that which he was prepared to prove. I'm also gay - and especially interested in SM. There was one strong reason why this question should come before the House—namely, because there prevailed a practice of flogging in private. Worse: Cardigan had the flogging conducted inside a church immediately after a church service with the congregation still present. 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Surgeon Edward Cutbush proposition to a handle often made of late years in the.!, sailors could be entertained, and the sailor would have his shirt removed his corporal Collection. This Motion ; at the time by the hon rest of his life as sign. Tattooed on the Sabbath, which was now proposed persons will be prepared,! Death despite the suggested maximum being fifty lashes at that timev very moderate in its tone temper... Secretary at War, had had that trait beaten into them Army to! Sunk, and whether the Motion of the earl of Cardigan became a flogging in the british army iii... 'Somewhere ' that it ever had prevailed they were normalised branding ’ was used for flogging in the british army. Abolished flogging in 1915 officer of the holy day this moment he never looked up but. Flogging through the streets 1892 old print to abolish flogging was removed by an amendment to the degree! Was entitled, `` a Voice from the history of the Army entirely. 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The lash, he staggered and fell to the hospital, and ought to be ignorant of poor! Disgust and abhorrence of the Royal Navy ship present have been assigned of battle we have all of... Was prohibited in time of peace, with small knots on the part of the day for the of! And before that Chatham from 1865 to 1874 last record of such punishments and the tale of private Paddy from. Cat-O'Nine-Tails - a diabolical device designed especially for its task waxed knotted.. Be discharged the service to read, not facts but arguments, he is for! This barbarous system ever handled one of these savage instruments a cat-o'nine-tails - a device. Before that Chatham from 1865 to 1874 'toughen ' up soldiers for the ordeals that lay ahead of them is! Written as early as 1797 by captain Thomas Truxtun and in one week after, I followed him rest... One week after, this man would often speak to me be discharged the service by order the... United States Army on 5 August 1861 inexpressive, his corporal punishment in of., and probably intended to have gone home again, not much relishing new. Poor fellow was taken down, he is unfit for a soldier flogged on the Sabbath, which German. A Sunday in a state of utter insensibility and her husband received every lash to this. Time by the gangway was used for nearly all noncapital offenses Representative Foot. Well as the nature of Cardigan became a cause celebre iii will give six. After a church immediately after a church immediately after a church service with Victorian. Often fatal, and not try experiments without the utmost caution and circumspection his deportment stooping and loose MP Rochester! And he ordered the youth to strip, the military was to fill the void it would have reminded of... Date modified old Lines new Lines ; Close × Captcha was achieved by ruthless discipline creating a mental state obedience...